Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. This article will provide you with the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry: the units included in this section are enzymology, endocrinology, toxicology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.
Different types of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.
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